Selenium is the central component of the antioxidative enzyme "glutathione peroxidase" and therefore important for every individual Zelle in the body that is exposed to a free radical attack.
The glutathione peroxidase converts the ever-recurring harmful, active forms of oxygen into harmless substances and protects the affected functional units of the cell from destruction.
However, the organism only has sufficient amounts of this enzyme available if sufficient selenium is added to the diet. Selenium is found in sea fish, meat and eggs as well as in cereal products.
Since the selenium content of agricultural soils in Germany and Austria is relatively low, domestic foods often contain only a small amount of selenium.
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The main function of selenium is its involvement in various enzyme systems. As the central component of glutathione peroxidase, an enzyme that converts peroxides into harmless substances, it is part of the body's antioxidant defense and thus protects it Cells from oxidative stress.
Detailed information about selenium can be found here: Selenium in a compact form
Oxidative stress develops in the body when free radicals in a chemical chain reaction constantly multiply in the body. It spreads when the cellular antioxidant defense is too low to compensate for the reactive oxygen radicals.
Oxidative stress shows no clear symptoms. Increasing age, smoking, deficiency and malnutrition, UV radiation, environmental pollution, competitive sports, taking medications or certain diseases such as inflammation are increasing the formation of free radicals.
They damage proteins, fatty acids and carbohydrates in the body. This impairs cell membranes and disturbs the energy supply of the cells. By damaging the protein structure, the biological activity of enzymes is greatly reduced.
The free radicals also react with that Cell nucleus and the genetic information (DNA). The result of this oxidative DNA damage are, for example, changes in genetic information and enzyme disorders that lead to considerable impairment of cell functions and thus of metabolic processes.
Oxidative stress increases the risk of numerous diseases such as atherosclerosis, cancer, rheumatic diseases, cardiovascular diseases and disorders of the immune system.
Selenium is also very important for the normal functioning of the thyroid and the immune system. In addition, selenium plays a central role in the maintenance of normal hair and normal nails. Selenium contributes to a normal sperm formation and thus has an influence on the fertility of the man.
Selenium is found in food in meat, offal, sea fish, eggs, nuts and grains. The selenium content of the food varies depending on the geographical origin. Most of the plants in our regions are relatively poor in selenium, as some of the agricultural areas contain little selenium. Selenium is bound to the protein fractions in food, which is why mainly protein-rich foods are good sources of selenium.
Clear diseases due to selenium deficiency are only found in some parts of China. Severe selenium deficiency diseases are not known in our latitudes, but not all population groups are considered sufficiently cared for. A too low supply of selenium is mainly associated with dysfunctions that are not always recognizable by their unique characteristics.
In addition to one-sided or vegan diet and strict fasting, even heavy drinking or long-lasting indigestion can lead to a selenium deficiency. The selenium intake decreases with age, therefore older people should pay attention to their adequate supply. However, continuous low selenium intake can also contribute to a number of pathological developments. Selenium blood levels below normal are often found in people with rheumatoid arthritis, coronary heart disease and cancer. Especially with an increased need for diseases or heavy loads, it may be that the selenium intake from the diet is insufficient.
Selenium Mono provides an easy way to ensure adequate selenium intake, in addition to nutrition.