The adrenals and their functions
On each of the two kidneys sits a small endocrine gland, the so-called adrenal gland. It is composed of two different tissue layers, each of which forms other important hormones.
The adrenal medulla produces the stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine. Among other things, they stimulate the cardiovascular system and release the body's own energy reserves. This enables the body to cope with stressful, physically and mentally stressful as well as stressful situations.
The adrenal cortex produces around 50 steroid hormones such as aldosterone, which affects the water content of the body, and cortisol, which, among other things, affects the glucose and protein metabolism. Sex hormones such as estrogens and their precursor, dehydroepiandrosterone, are also produced in the adrenal gland.
Adrenal insufficiency: insufficient hormone production
If the adrenal gland is inadequate and produces too few hormones, it is called an adrenal fatigue. It can be very dangerous and should be treated quickly to avoid progression and adrenal insufficiency. This hypofunction is called Addison's disease, a milder version of which is adrenal fatigue.
Trigger for adrenal fatigue
In many cases, the cause of adrenal fatigue is due to a stressful and exhausting lifestyle. If the body is under prolonged mental and / or physical tension, the glands release more stress hormones. If there is no relaxation and recovery in between, the glands reach their stress limits and tire. In this state of exhaustion they are no longer able to produce the required hormones in sufficient quantity. This leads to a persistent fatigue and other accompanying symptoms.
Common causes of the disease are:
Diseases, chronic pain or consequences of an accident
Infections and inflammation
Depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder or other mental illness
Repeated or permanent lack of sleep over a longer period
An increased consumption of caffeine
Alcohol and drug use
Personal conflicts or relationship problems.
Fears, for example about health, job losses or financial problems
Permanent intake of medication
Deficiency symptoms due to an unbalanced, unhealthy diet
Overload of the body, for example through competitive sports
And much more
In most cases, various problems come together that reinforce each other and thus cause a permanent state of stress.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Since many symptoms of adrenal fatigue are similar to those of mental illnesses such as burnout and mild depression, hormonal gland hypofunction is often not considered the cause. A correct diagnosis for a successful treatment is unconditional.
Because the gland makes so many different hormones, a variety of symptoms may indicate under-functioning. Possible symptoms of adrenal fatigue include:
Strong and fast fatigue
Persistent fatigue, even with sufficient sleep
Lack of energy and lack of energy, getting up in the morning, for example, difficult
Low blood pressure
Low body temperature and therefore fast freezing
Sudden craving for high-salt food
Nausea and vomiting
Pain, for example in the joints or headaches
Weight gain and fat deposits
In women, menstrual cramps such as irregular or missed periods
Increased susceptibility to disease and prolonged recovery period
Some symptoms do not cause any adrenal fatigue, instead several symptoms occur in the affected person. If you are observing several of these symptoms with yourself or another person, a visit to a doctor is necessary. There you will receive a hormone saliva test, which records the cortisol day profile and which you yourself carry out two to five times at home. A laboratory then evaluates the test and sends the result to the doctor.
Treatment options for adrenal fatigue
If the test for gland hypofunction is positive, a treatment plan must be formulated. A drug solution is only one option. Much more important is that the affected person incorporates phases of relaxation into his everyday life. In addition, he must track down and eliminate the causes of the disease. This works best with therapeutic support and takes at least several months to complete. The treatment may take up to two years.
In order to end the permanent physical or mental pressure, the occupational and / or private stress factors must be minimized or in the ideal case even completely removed. Therapy is a good starting point for finding a solution to problems in private relationships, for example. Those who experience stress in their job, for example through bullying or strenuous shift work, are urged in serious cases to look for a new job. The more sources of stress are successfully combated, the greater the chance of recovery.
In addition, the person affected should optimize his lifestyle in order to exclude further disruptive factors. An even daily rhythm and sufficient undisturbed sleep are a first step in the right direction. Here it is important that the patient gradually gets used to new habits. He should not be overburdened and have to change his entire everyday life from one day to the next. This usually only leads to a short-term change, but can not be sustained permanently. The goal is that the patient learns new, healthy habits and automatically executes them after a while.
In addition, body and mind need regular relaxation. The affected person must learn to consciously take time off. A bath or a relaxation technique like meditation can help.
A healthy and regular diet will continue to support recovery and prevent nutritional deficiencies. In addition to protein-rich, low-sugar food, especially vitamins and minerals are important. People who suffer from adrenal fatigue need a lot of vitamin C, vitamin B5 and magnesium. They promote the regeneration process and help the body regain its balance.
tags: Vomit, nausea, Low blood pressure, Relationship problems, Caffeine, trauma, Mourning, inflammation, infections, Occupational stress, stress hormones, Adrenal fatigue, Addison's disease, Adrenal Fatigue, Stereoidhormone, exhaustion, Adrenalin, Cortisol, Burn-Out, dizziness, insomnia, Alcohol, adrenal, hair loss, Cardiovascula, blood pressure, Depression, Vitamin C, magnesium